Erythritol ((2R,3S)-butane-1,2,3,4-tetraol) is a natural sugar
alcohol (a type of sugar substitute) which has been approved for
use in the United States and throughout much of the world. It
occurs naturally in fruits and fermented foods.
At industrial level, it is produced from glucose by fermentation
with a yeast, Moniliella pollinis. It is 60-70 s sweet as table
sugar yet it is almost non-caloric, does not affect blood sugar,
does not cause tooth decay, and is absorbed by the body, therefore
unlikely to cause gastric side effects unlike other sugar alcohols.
Under U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) labeling
requirements, it has a caloric value of 0.2 calories per gram (95%
less than sugar and other carbohydrates), though nutritional
labeling varies from country to country.
Some countries like Japan and the United States label it as
zero-calorie, while European Union regulations currently label it
and all other sugar alcohols at 2.4 kcal/g.
Appearance : White crystalline powder
Taste : Sweet
Purity : Min. 99,5 %
Moisture : Max. 0,2 %
Reducing sugars : Max. 0,3 %
PH : 5,0 – 7,0
Conductivity : Max. 20 µ s/cm
Melting point : 118-120 °C
Ash : Max. 0,01 %
Non soluble residues : Max. 15 mg/kg
Glycerol : Max. 0,1 %
Ribitol : Max. 0,1 %
Heavy metals : Max. 0,5 ppm
Arsenic : Max. 2 ppm
Total plate count : Max. 300 cfu per gram
Coliform : Negative